Infertility is the most common cause that affects the natural reproduction process of having a baby. Infertility problems are seen in both men and women that are caused due to many conditions. In this proud generation, it is hard to accept for men that they are infertile. 

However, with the available advanced treatment options, these infertility problems can be treated. Our fertility experts at Universal Srushti Fertility clinic want to discuss some of the typical male infertility causes and their treatment in this article. 

What Is Male Infertility?

Male Infertility is defined as the inability to make a fertile female partner pregnant through natural sexual intercourse. It is also termed male impotence. In medical terms, it is defined as the sperm count is less than 39 million sperm per ejaculation. Fertility is based on the quantity and quality of the sperm generated. If the quality or quantity of the sperm is compromised, then it even takes years to make a woman pregnant or should choose medication or ART procedures.

At present, men and women are almost equally facing infertility problems.

Types of Male Infertility

The quality and quantity of sperm generally defines male Infertility, and based on it; it is classified into the following types:

Azoospermia is an infertility condition where there will be no sperm in the semen. It is further divided into Obstructive Azoospermia and Non-Obstructive Azoospermia based on the cause.

Asthenozoospermia is a condition where the ability of the sperm to swim(motility) is affected. It is further divided into progressive motility and non-progressive motility based direction of the sperm moves.

Oligospermia or Oligozoospermia is an infertility condition where the sperm concentration is found very low in the semen.

The quality and quantity of sperm are the main factors that play a key in the fertilization of a man. But, they vary based on various factors throughout your life. WHO says that the ideal sperm count is anywhere between 15 million sperm to more than 200 million sperm per milliliter of semen.

Causes of Infertility in men

The Infertility of a man is generally due to the poor production and nature of sperm. The quality and quantity of sperm are affected by factors such as underlying health problems, medical conditions, environmental factors, and lifestyle habits.

Environmental factors that affect the fertility of men 

When a man is exposed to high degree heat, toxins, and certain chemicals, they like to affect the functions of sperm. Some of the factors are: 

  • Exposure to high radiation or x-rays 
  • Exposure to industrial chemicals such as pesticides, benzene, herbicides, etc. 
  • Staying in extremely hot water for more time
  • Wearing tight clothing
  • Sitting for more time with a laptop on laps 

The factors mentioned above might reduce sperm production.

Medical factors that affect the fertility of men

  • Varicocele – enlarged varicose veins in the scrotum.
  • Ejaculation problems like retrograde ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Hypospadias – improper opening of the urethra
  • Hormonal problems like hypogonadism 
  • Treatment like chemotherapy, radiation might also result in infertility problems.
  • Infections of the testicles 
  • STDs – sexually transmitted diseases
  • Genetic or Inherited Disorders can also lead to Infertility.

Other causes like celiac disease, testicular disorders, undescended testicles, scrotal & prostate surgeries, inguinal hernia repairs can also cause Infertility.

Lifestyle Factors such as Smoking & Drinking Alcohol, Obesity or overweight, Depression or Stress, and Using steroids, drugs, and cocaine can also cause male Infertility.

Treatments for Male Infertility

In most cases, the leading cause of Infertility is not known. However, below are some treatments and procedures that help to fix male Infertility based on the cause. The main aim of treatment is to help the couple by creating a pregnancy. There were many surgical procedures and medicines available to fix the male infertility problem. 

When the medication and surgery can’t help, or the infertility cause is not known, then a fertility doctor recommends ART procedures. Considering various Infertility factors, a fertility expert recommends one of the following assistive reproductive techniques to create pregnancy artificially.

  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
  • Surrogacy in can’t but situations

Infertility is a hectic problem from generation in both males and females. Our infertility experts at Universal Srushti hospital have decades of experience in handling various fertility problems. One way or the other, we can help you to fulfill your dream of having a baby. You are just a step away from making your dreams come true. 

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