Science and Technology have evolved to greater heights over the last many years. Be it in the field of medical science or technology the growth in the last few years has been unprecedented. In the 1800s, scientists all over the globe were piercing deep to dig out a method of artificial fertilization. At that time the mere foundation of artificial fertilization was simply developed on sperm and eggs. An enormous number of experiments were performed around that time to fertilize the human egg. Dr. Jones and Dr. Edwards experimented in the year 1965 to fertilize the first human egg to produce the first IVF baby in the world.
The very first baby that was born through IVF took around 102 IVF cycles to born. The person was Louise Joy Brown and was born on 25th July 1978 in England. This was considered a huge milestone. The first baby born through IVF technology was considered to be a huge milestone and then the series of inventions and advancements picked up a huge pace.
The second IVF baby who took birth on 3rd October 1978 was an Indian native. It might be amusing for some people that the world’s second IVF baby was Indias first IVF child. Her name was Durga or Kanupriya Agarwal.
Since then the progress has been everlasting and IVF has recognized its position from taboo to the mainstream. The advanced IVF techniques started getting recognition amongst the people and slowly it became a household term. If we talk about the current situation of India, almost one in the seven people is facing infertility issues. Over time people have realized that’s it’s not a gender-biased complication and both partners play an equally crucial role at the time of fertility treatment. Several factors contribute to the infertility problems like nutritional intake, lifestyle habits, and various environmental conditions.
The Evolution of Modern IVF Methods
In the early 1800s itself, there was quite a good rage amongst the scientists for the IVF techniques. In the 1850s scientists were mending on artificial insemination but didn’t consider the male infertility issues or the ovulation cycles. It took many years on their part to consider the correct way of IVF treatment.
Egg donation become a thing in the 1980s with the first successful egg donation pregnancy in 1983.
At the initial stage, the IVF began with a single embryo transfer. But in the late 1990s, a more advanced way was developed that brought the doctors transferring a blastocyst which is quietly more advanced and developed than a 2-3-year-old embryo.
With time the growth in the field of male infertility complications moreover picked a great pace, the intracytoplasmic sperm injection technique grew in popularity in the 1990s.
Numerous techniques came into play around that time, one of them being the assisted hatching that helps an embryo implant successfully and with the help of time-lapse photos or embryo scope, the scientists were able to pick up the embryos at the right time.